Kottayam district is bordered on the north by Ernakulam, on the east by Idukki and on the south by Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. The Vembanad lake forms the western boundary. The district is naturally divided into high land, mid land and low land, the bulk being constituted by the mid land regions.Kottayam district consists of two Revenue Divisions – Kottayam and Pala, five Taluks- Kottayam, Changanassery, Vaikom, Meenachil and Kanjirappally and 95 Revenue Villages.There are four Muncipalities – Kottayam, Chenganacherry, Vaikom and Pala. The district has its headquarters at Kottayam town
Kottayam has the unique distinction of becoming the first district in India to achieve 100% literacy. It is also called the land of latex,lakes,liquor and letters.This is due to the large number of rubber plantations and also many reputed national publishers. Panoramic backwater stretches, lush paddy fields, highlands, hills and hillocks, rubber plantations and places associated with many legends given Kottayam District this enviable title. The district is 15.35% urbanised.
It was in Kottayam that the famous Vaikom Satyagraha (1924-25), an epic struggle for eradication of untouchability, took place. Scheduled castes and other backward classes in Travancore were denied not only entry into temples, but also access to temple roads. Vaikom, the seat of a celebrated Siva Temple, was the venue of the symbolic satyagraha. It is of immense historic significance that national leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, C. Rajagopalachari, Acharya Vinoba Bhave and E.V. Ramswami Naykar, associated with this struggle.
Kottayam is a major centre of education. The Old Seminary of the Malankara Orthodox Church at Chungam, Kottayam is the first institution to start English education in South India.C.M.S High School was founded by the British missionary Rev. Benjamin Bailey. The first college in the state (C.M.S College) was started at Kottayam in 1840. It is also the second college in India established by the British empire.
Kottayam has a vast network of rivers and backwaters.The important rivers of the district are the Meenachil, the Muvattupuzha and the Manimala.Vembanad Lake has a great expanse of water which is a part of the interconnected Kerala Backwaters that run virtually the length of the state.

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The village of Kumarakom is a cluster of little islands on the Vembanad Lake, and is part of the Kuttanad region
Pathiramanal is a small island located on the border of Kottayam - Alapuzha Districts in Kerala, India.
Poonjar Palace
The Poonjar Palace is a glorious testimony to the regal opulence of a bygone era
The Vaikom Satyagraha was the first systematically organized agitation in Kerala against orthodoxy to secure the rights of the depressed classes.