IDUKK

Idukki District was formed on 26 January 1972. The district is bordered on the north by Thrissur District and Tamilnadu,on the east by Tamilnadu on the south by Pathanamthitta district and on the west by Eranakulam District and Kottayam District. The district consists of Devikulam, Udumbanchola and Peermedu taluks of the erstwhile Kottayam district and Thodupuzha taluk.The district headquarters is at Painavu in Thodupuzha taluk, where it is proposed to build a new planned forest township.
This beautiful High range district of Kerala is geographically known for its Mountainous Hills and Dense Forests. For the people of Kerala, Idukki is always associated with Power Generation. About 66% of the State’s Power needs come from the Hydroelectric Power Projects in Idukki. Idukki accounts for 12.9 percent of the area of Kerala and only 3.7 percent of the population of Kerala.
The district’s name, ‘Idukki’ is supposed to be derived from the Malayalam word ‘Idukku’ which means a narrow gorge. Periyar which is one of the largest rivers of Kerala, flowing through Idukki gorge formed between the two high massive rocks called “Kuravan” and “Kurathi”, is the site of the gigantic Idukki arch dam.
We have very little authentic knowledge which throws light into the ancient history of Idukki district. There is evidence of stone-age civilisation. Stone-age dolmens were discovered in the valleys of Anchanad in Devikulam taluk. Archaeological excavation conducted during 1947-48 at Kallar Pattom colony in Udumbanchola taluk and at Vandiperiyar in Peermedu taluk brought to light the remains of Old Stone-age Menhir and Tombs.
Karikode near Thodupuzha was the head quarters of Vadakkumkoor Raja. There is remains of a fort at Karikkode. Near this fort there is a Devi temple said to have constructed by the Vadakkumkoor Raja. There is also another temple by name Annamala Temple constructed in Chola style. The church at Muthalakodam, near Thodupuzha is believed to have constructed before 13th Century. The Ninnar Mosque near Karikkode is said to have constructed by the Vadakkumkoor Raja for his Muslim soldiers. Thodupuzha was also a nerve business centre. There is historical evidence to prove that from ancient time onwards ivory, teak, rosewood, sandalwood, peacock etc., were exported to foreign countries.

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Boothathan Kettu
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Bhoothathankettu located 50 km north east of Ernakulam town, is a scenic dam site with boating facilities is situated in a vast virgin forest.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
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Located about 60 km from Munnar,Idukki district, a unique thorny scrub forest with xerophyte species, Chinnar is the habitat for the endangered Giant Grizzled Squirrel of India.
Chithirapuram
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Chithirapuram is one of the most beautiful hill stations located in Idukki District, Kerala and is situated at a distance of 10 kilometers from Munnar
Devikulam Hill station
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Literally meaning "the pond or lake of the Devi", Devikulam is a small hill resort 1800 metres above sea level where the possibility of getting mesmerized by its sheer scenic grandeur is a rule rather than an exception.
Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
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The Eravikulam National Park perched 7,000 ft above sea level spread over an area of 97 sq Km is breathtaking in its size and diversity of flora and fauna.
Gavi
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A 40 kilometre drive from Kumily, the road leading to the picturesque Gavi is blanketed by tea plantations.
Idukki Wild Life Sanctuary
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Located 40 km from Thodupuzha, Idukki district, the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 77 sq km in the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of the district.
Mattupetty Hill station
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Mattupetty located 13 km from Munnar in Idukki District is situated at a height of 1700 m, and is a delight for nature lovers.
Munnar Hill station
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Munnar is a town located in the Idduki district of Kerala state, situated in the south Western Ghats
Periyar Tiger Reserve
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The pride of Kerala and a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Thekkadi
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Tiger Reserve is situated in Thekkadi on the banks of the Periyar lake, formed with the building of a dam in 1895.Encompassing a 26 sq km this artificial lake
Vagamon Hill station
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Vagamon is a hill station located in Kottayam-Idukki border,in Idukki District of Kerala.