Ecotourism is defined as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people”. Ecotourism has become popular among tourists interested in environmental conservation and sustainable development. It is a way to save forests and a “win-win development strategy for undeveloped rural areas”. Principles of eco-tourism advises to minimize impact, build environmental and cultural awareness and respect, provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts, provide financial benefits and empowerment for conservation and local people, raise sensitivity to host countries’ political, environmental, and social climate as well as to support international human rights and labour agreements.
Ecotourism is a growing area in the tourist friendly state of Kerala. Ecotourism in Kerala has taken off in a big way because Kerala has many destinations known for their natural beauty and exquisite landscape. Kerala is one of the greenest destinations in India.
Kerala is a tourism destination that focuses on sustainable and eco-friendly development of tourism. A rich biodiversity and unmatched natural attractions make the State a unique ecotourism hotspot, of which the world is largely unaware.

The Aralam Sanctuary in Kozhikode District is spread over 55 sq kms of undulating forested highlands on the slopes of the Western Ghats
Located 52 km northeast of Thiruvananthapuram city along the Thiruvananthapuram-Shencottai State Highway
Spanning an area of 85 sq km on the western slopes of Nelliyampathy, the Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary is just a two-hour drive from Kochi in the Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur
The Eravikulam National Park perched 7,000 ft above sea level spread over an area of 97 sq Km is breathtaking in its size and diversity of flora and fauna
A 40 kilometre drive from Kumily, the road leading to the picturesque Gavi is blanketed by tea plantations
ankayam is situated at Idinjar Falls in Palode in Nedumangad Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram District. The Mankayam River, a tributary of Chittar, flows through this scenic tourist spot
A forested village situated on the banks of the mighty Achankovil River in Pathanamthitta District, Konni has a long and rich history of man-forest interface
Covered with 12,000 hectares of rich vegetation, the Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary set up in 1958 is a colourful canvas of exotic flora and thriving fauna
About 4 km from Aryankavu, Palaruvi is a slender thread of water hurtling down from a height of about 300 feet
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in Palakkad District is the most protected ecological piece of Anamalai sub unit of Western Ghats
Located in the Western Ghats, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary lies 50 km northeast of Thiruvananthapuram city, in Nedumangad Taluk
The pride of Kerala and a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is situated in Thekkadi on the banks of the Periyar lake
Rhodovalley, named so because of the abundance of rhododendrons found here is one of the most spectacular spots in the Munnar hills
Thenmala in Kollam District, Kerala is the first planned ecotourism destination in India. Predominantly a forest area, Thenmala is a small village, located at the foothills of the Western Ghat Mountains
The Shenduruny forest - declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1984 gets its name from an endemic species of tree called Chenkuruny (Gluta travancoria)
A mere 20 km from Thodupuzha in Idukki district, and 74 km from Kochi, the mesmerizing Thommankuthu or Ezhunilakuthu is a series of 12 falls spread over a distance of 5 km